Polymer Research Group

The Polymer group was founded by Judith Percino Z. PhD. and Victor Manuel Chapela Castañares PhD. in 1993.

The Polymers group’s research addresses fundamental problems in physical chemistry of materials, as is the property-structure relationship. Research is conducted on experimental and theoretical calculations of unconventional materials with low and high molecular weight in order to relate to their physical-chemical properties, to obtain feedback on the design of new compounds and bring them level synthesis and so improve the physical-chemical properties. Among those properties studied are phenomena such as photochromism, fluorescence, the polyelectrolyte effect, and conductivity.

Current issues related to changes in the molecular structure of materials, and key answering questions about everyday phenomena which are not entirely understood, are addressed. For example, ¿why is it that some materials exhibit fluorescence only as liquids?, ¿why not in solid state?, or why only in solid state? Or more so, ¿what makes materials have higher quantum efficiency? The synthesis of low molecular weight compounds functionalized to achieve polymers is carried out, which can be useful as electro-optical sensors, among other applications.

Prof. Judith Percino Zacarías

PhD in the Polymers Department of the Institute of Chemistry of Kazakhstan, Alma-Ata, of the former U.S.S.R.

1992- Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Head of Research in Mexico

(222) 2 29 55 00 ext. 7285, 7299.

Email: judith.percino@correo.buap.mx


Research Interest

Relevant Topics

Research is mainly carried out on the synthesis of novel monomers and polymerization processes, thus condensation, via free radicals and currently CRP, which are important for controlled processes.

The group probe the states of aggregation of colloidal particles in the presence of polyelectrolytes and multivalent ions. It is accompanied by experimental tools such as dilatometry, IR, NMR, Mass, including light scattering.

It synthesizes novel compounds (including polymers) with predetermined chemical structures, especially type o-, p- arsanilic, styrilpyridines, Schiff bases, phenylvynilidene, in order to study the optoelectronic properties (e.g. fluorescence quantum yield) for applications in OLEDs, biosensors, etc.

The conjugates are from the point of view of experimental-computational calculations, for which students must obtain experimental results and correlate with the results of theoretical calculations systems. This synergy allows us to elucidate structure-property trends leading to prediction of the physicochemical behavior of newly conjugated systems and thereby, prediction of the most appropriate tech - application.

Our research group is also interested in acrylonitriles derivatives, analyzing their physicochemical properties and supramolecular architectures using X-ray diffraction and the DFT method. In brief, Hirshfeld surfaces and 2D finger print plots are constructed to identify the differences in-between intermolecular interactions and contacts from different crystal structures. The lattice energies of the crystal structures are calculated using the PIXEL method and the energetics of various intermolecular interactions, present in different molecular pair, are quantified.



Current Member

Margarita Cerón Rivera

PhD in Chemical Sciences, Inorganic Chemistry. Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, 2007, BUAP.

Margarita Cerón Rivera completed her PhD at BUAP. Her work focused on the synthesis and applications of transition metal complexes used ligands with fluoride composition. Margarita joined at Polymer Group in 2008 and she focuses on the development of functionalized organic compound synthesis, crystallization and NMR spectroscopy.

Enrique Pérez Gutiérrez

PhD in Chemical Sciences, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, México, 2011

Postdoctoral fellowship, Group of Optical Properties of Materials, CIO, Mexico 2011-2015.

Enrique Pérez joined at group in 2016 through a CONACYT program  (Young Researchers of the National Council for Science and Technology- CONACYT). He is interested in organic electronic devices. He works on the design, fabrication and characterization of Organic Light Emitting Diodes and Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells. His interest also lies in understanding the phenomena related to the efficiency and stability of the devices.

Paulina Viridiana Ceballos Coca

Paulina studied chemistry at BUAP in 2015.

She joined at group in 2016; she is a technician in the characterization of materials.

Paola Guadalupe Gordillo Guerra Ph.D.

Paola Gordillo-Guerra joined at group in 2018 through a CONACYT Repatriate Program. She is interested in Synthesis of organic compounds and research their biological activities for the application in biomedicine.

Postdoctoral Fellows

Perumal Venkatesan

PhD in Chemistry, Bharathidasan University, TN, India, 2015

Dr. Venkatesan Perumal is originally from India and has been on a postdoctoral fellowship through the PRODEP-BUAP program since 2015. He is a high achieving and ambitious researcher whose interest is the applications of computational calculation for supramolecular studies of solid state organic compounds .


Karnambaram Anandhan

Dr. Anandhan is originally from India and has been on a postdoctoral fellowship through the PRODEP-BUAP program since 2017. He is a high achieving and ambitious researcher whose interest is the synthesis of organic compounds for their application in pharmaceuticals.

Research Students

Rodrigo Ramos Hernández

Rodrigo is a Chemistry Sciences Ph. D. student. He is working on physical-chemical characterization of organic semiconductor polymers. He joined the group in 2018. 


Armando Edgar Castillo García

Armando is graduated from the Bachelor's program in Biomedicine at BUAP. He joined the group in 2016. 

Pilar Santos Percino

Pilar is a Biomedicine student at BUAP, Puebla, Mexico. She is working on her Bachelor’s dissertation. She joined the group in 2016. 



Experimental study and DFT calculation for the strength of intermolecular interactions in Schiff base with the phenylarsonic acid scaffold.

Perumal Venkatesan, Margarita Cerón, Paulina Ceballos, Enrique Pérez-Gutiérrez, Subbiah Thamotharan, M. Judith Percino. Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1196, Pages 306-322. DOI: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2019.06.073

White Organic Light emitting diodes based On exciplex states by using a new carbazole derivative as single emitter Layer.

Bernal, W., Barbosa-García, O., Aguilar-Granda, A., Pérez-Gutiérrez, E., Maldonado, J.-L., Percino, M.J., Rodríguez-Molina, B. Dyes and Pigments Volume 163, April 2019, Pages 754-760. DOI: 10.1016/j.dyepig.2018.12.052.

Experimental and Theoretical Insights into the Optical Properties and Intermolecular Interactions in Push-Pull Bromide Salts.

Venkatesan, P., Cerón, M., Pérez-Gutiérrez, E., Castillo, A.E., Thamotharan, S., Robles, F., Siegler, M.A., Percino, M.J. ChemistryOpen Volume 8, Issue 4, April 2019, Pages 483-496. DOI: 10.1002/open.201900061.

Colloidal, morphological, thermal, rheological, and film properties of waterborne hyperbranched alkyd–acrylic resins.

Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 2019. Murillo, E.A., Percino, J., López, B.L. DOI: 10.1007/s11998-019-00205-6.

Solvatochromism and pH effect on the emission of a triphenylimidazole-phenylacrylonitrile derivative: Experimental and DFT studies.

Anandhan, K., Cerón, M., Perumal, V., Ceballos, P., Gordillo-Guerra, P., Pérez-Gutiérrez, E., Castillo, A.E., Thamotharan, S., Percino, M.J. RSC Advances, Volume 9, Issue 21, 2019, Pages 12085-12096. DOI: 10.1039/c9ra01275c.

Preferential Orientation of Crystals and its Influence on the Emission Wavelength of Acrylonitrile Derivatives Treated with Polar Solvents.

Crystal Research and Technology 2019, Article number 1800156. DOI: 10.1002/crat.201800156.


Control of the Morphology and Crystallinity of a PbI2 Layer for Large-Area Perovskite Films Prepared by Close Space Sublimation

Enrique Pérez-Gutiérrez, M. Judith Percino, Diana Marcela Montoya, Diego Solis-Ibarra, Margarita Cerón, and Oracio Barbosa-García. ACS Applied Energy Materials, DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b00610

Quantitative analysis of intermolecular interactions in 2,2'-((4-bromophenyl)methylene)bis(3-hydroxy-5,5-dimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one): Insights from crystal structure, PIXEL, Hirshfeld surfaces and QTAIM analysis

J Chem Sci, (2018), 130: 20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12039-018-1421-8 

Theoretical investigations of two adamantane derivatives: A combined X-ray, DFT, QTAIM analysis and molecular docking.

Journal of Molecular Structure, (2018), 1159, Pages 233-245.

Quantitative analysis of weak non-covalent interactions in (Z)-3-(4-halophenyl)-2-(pyridin-2/3/4-yl)acrylonitriles.

Cryst. Eng. Comm. DOI:10.1039/C7CE02096A, 


Two Different Emissions of (2Z)-2-(4-Bromophenyl)-3-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]prop-2-enenitrile Due to Crystal Habit and Size: Synthesis, Optical, and Supramolecular Characterization.

ISSN: 1528-7483. DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.6b01670, Crystal Growth & Design,  2017, 17 (4), pp 1679–1694

Organic solar cells all made by blade and slot¿die coating techniques.

ISSN: 0038-092X. doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2017.02.004, Solar Energy, Vol.146, Pag.79-84


2,2,6,6-Tetramethyl-1-oxopiperidinetribromide and two forms of 1-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinium bromide salt: Syntheses, crystal structures andtheoretical calculations.

ISSN: 0022-2860. doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2015.09.020, Journal of Molecular Structure, Vol.1103, Pag.254-264

Crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis of 1-carboxy-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethan-1-aminium chloride 2-ammonio-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) propanoate: a new polymorph of L-dopa HCl and isotypic with its bromide counterpart.

ISSN: 2056-9890, Acta Cryst, Vol.E72, Pag.1628-1632

Changes in the luminescence emission of ¿,ß-unsaturated acrylonitrile derivatives: morphology,polymorphism and solvent effect.

ISSN: 1466-8033. DOI: 10.1039/c6ce01391k, CrystEngComm, Vol.18, Pag.7554-7572

Conformational and Molecular Structures of ¿, ß-Unsaturated Acrylonitrile Derivatives: Photophysical Properties and Their Frontier Orbitals.

ISSN: 1420-3049. doi:10.3390/molecules21040389 , Molecules, Vol.21, Pag.389-0

Crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis of 1-carboxy-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethan-1- aminium bromide 2-ammonio-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) propanoate.

ISSN 2056-9890. doi.org/10.1107/S2056989016015425, Acta Cryst, Vol.E72, Pag.1544-1548


Synthesis, characterization and theoretical calculations of model compounds of silanols catalyzed by TEMPO to elucidate the presence of Si¿O¿Si and Si¿O¿N bonds.

ISSN 2046-2069. DOI: 10.1039/c5ra10056a, RSC Advances, Vol.5, Pag.79829-79844

(E)-2-[(2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino]phenylarsonic acid Schiff base: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical studies.

ISSN: 0022-2860. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2014.10.030, Journal of Molecular Structure, Vol.1081, Pag.193-2

X-ray Structures of Precursors of Styrylpyridine-Derivatives Used to Obtain 4-((E)-2-(Pyridin-2-yl)vinyl)benzamido- TEMPO: Synthesis and Characterization. 

ISSN: 1420-3049. doi:10.3390/molecules20045793, Molecules, Vol.20, Pag.5793-5811

Synthesis and molecular structure of the 1-phenyl-2- (2-pyridyl)ethanol intermediate obtained from the condensation reaction of 2-picoline and benzaldehyde.

ISSN: 0922-6168. DOI 10.1007/s11164-013-1471-y, Res Chem Intermed, Vol.41, Pag.3563-3572


Polarization Anisotropy Of Photoluminescence From Triphenylamine-based Molecular Single Crystals.

ISSN: 1521-4079. DOI: 10.1002/crat.201300191, Crystal Research and Technology, Vol.48, Pag.1039-1043

Using of Novel Halides in the ATRP Polymerization. Estimation of Polymer Molecular Mass.

ISSN: 1521-3900. DOI: 10.1002/masy.201300144, Macromolecular Symposia, Vol.339, Pag.112-121

Physicochemical Study By Multi-angle Light Scattering Of Water-soluble Methacryloylaminophenylarsonate Copolymers.

ISSN: 1022-9760. DOI 10.1007/s10965-014-0492-6, Journal of Polymer Research, Vol.21, Pag.492-503

Theoretical Inhibition Efficiency Study of Schiff Base (E)-2-(2-hydroxybenzylideneamino) phenylarsonic Acid and its Isomers,

International Journal of ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE, Vol. , Pag.7890-7903

The effect of the supramolecular network of (Z)-3-(4-(diphenylamino)phenyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)- acrylonitrile on the fluorescence behavior of a single crystal: experimental and theoretical studies.

ISSN 1466-8033 . DOI: 10.1039/c4ce00327f, CrystEngComm, Vol.16, Pag.8591-8604

Oxygen To Carbon Atoms Ratio Effect On The Size, Morphology And Purity Of Functionalized Carbon Nanoshells By Using Alcohol Mixtures As Carbon Sourc.

ISSN: 0008-6223. doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2014.04.080, Carbon, Vol.76, Pag.292-300

Important Role Of Molecular Packing And Intermolecular Interactions In Two Polymorphs Of (z)-2-phenyl-3-(4-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylonitrile. Preparation, Structures And Optical Properties.

ISSN: 0022-2860. doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2014.04.088, Journal of Molecular Structure, Vol.1078, Pag.74-82

X-ray Molecular Structure And Theoretical Study Of 1,4-bis[2-cyano-2-(o-pyridyl)ethenyl]benzene.

ISSN: 0366-6352. DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0434-5, Chemical Papers, Vol.68, Pag.272-282

Michael Addition Of Phenylacetonitrile To The Acrylonitrile Group Group Leading To Diphenylpentanedinitrile. Structural Data And Theoretical Calculations.

ISSN: 0366-6352. DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0503-9, Chem. Papers, Vol.68, Pag.668-680

Molecular Packing And Solid-state Fluorescence Of Conjugated Compounds Of Carbazole-acrylonitrile Derivatives.

ISSN: 1877-9468. DOI: 10.2174/1877946803666131213231346, Current Physical Chemistry, Vol.4, Pag.137-150


Comparative Theoretical Study Of The Uv/vis Absorption Spectra Of Styrylpyridine Compounds Using Td-dft Calculations.

ISSN: 1610-2940. DOI 10.1007/s00894-012-1602-1, Journal of molecular modeling, Vol.19,Pag.2015-2026

Fluorescence Improvement Of Pyridylacrylonitrile By Dimethylaminophenylsubstitutions: The Effect Of Packing Modes Of Conjugated Compounds.

ISSN: 0022-2860. doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2012.10.025, Journal Molecular Structure, Vol.1034, Pag.238-248

Manufacture of 3D Möbius-Listing Models with a 3D Printer.

ISBN: 978-988-19251-0-7, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2013, Vol.I, Pag.626-628,

Solar Panel Optimization of a Parabolic Channel to Generate Electrical Energy.

ISBN: 978-988-19251-0-7, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2013, Vol.I, Pag.496-500

Theoretical and Experimental Spectroscopic Analysis of Cyano-Substituted StyrylpyridineCompounds.

ISSN 1422-0067. doi:10.3390/ijms14024005, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol.14, Pag.4005-4029


Synthesis And Characterization Of Conjugated Pyridine-(n-diphenylamino) Acrylonitrile Derivatives: Photophysical Properties.

ISSN: 1927-0585. doi:10.5539/jmsr.v1n2p181, Journal of Materials Science Research, Vol.1, Pag.181-192

Estudio Cinético Por Dilatometría En Reacciones De Polimerización Vía Radicales Libres Convencional Y Controlada De Monómeros Metacrílicos.,

Estudio Cinético por Dilatometría en Reacciones de Polimerización vía Radicales Libres Convencional
y Controlada de Monómeros Metacrílicos., Vol. , Pag.382-286

Determinación De Parámetros Macromoleculares Por Dispersión De Luz De Polielectrolitos Solubles En Agua,

XXV Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Polimérica de México, Vol. , Pag.482-485,

Estudio Teórico Conformacional De La Trans-4-(m-cianoestiril)-piridina,

XI Reunión Mexicana de Fisicoquímica Teórica., Vol. , Pag.1-1

Raft Polymerization Kinetics Of Alpha-mehylbenzylmethacrylate By Dilatometry

ISSN: 1957-0585 doi.org/10.5539/jmsr.v1n3p96, Journal of Materials Science Research, Vol.1, Pag.96-105

Colaborative Networks

Polymer Unit, Organic Electronic and Computational Calculations


Ecocampus Valsequillo, Building VAL3
Phone: +52 222 229 55 00, 1351


Laboratory of Polymers, Chemistry Center, Ciudad Universitaria, Puebla, Pue.
Phone: +52 222 229 55 00, 7285

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